Presentation Municipality Škofljica

 Municipality of Škofljica




Tourism Assotiation  Škofljica - Tončka Pal  00 386 41 611 009



Bašić  informatiko about the municipality of Škofljica


Size: 43.3 km2

Population: 10,000


Municipality of Škofljica lies in the central part of Slovenia. It encompasses the extreme south eastern edge of the Ljubljana marshes, Želimlje valley and a part of the hilly landscape rising from Orle and Molnik towards Vrh above Želimlje. The area of the municipality of Škofljica was settled in the ancient times. The first known findings, awls made of bone or antler, date back to the Mesolithic. They were excavated in Breg near Škofljica and are kept in the City Museum of Ljubljana.


The centre of the municipality is Škofljica which represents the junction of primary and secondary traffic flows. Traffic, cargo and railroad traffic is intersected and service and other activities are concentrated here.


Geographically the municipality of Škofljica is dived into a flat part, which is mostly covered by marsh, and a slightly wavy and hilly surroundings.


The economy


The majority of people are employed in Ljubljana or in the near vicinity. Due to opening a business and trade zone Škofljica the economy in the central municipality is strengthening. Business and trade zone is 30 acres large, 20 acres representing building plots which are intended for various business facilities. Due to the favourable position of the zone the investors are very interested in it. It spreads out by the state road from Škofljica to Ko

evje and directly next to the railway track from Škofljica to Novo mesto.


Natural heritage


The Landscape park The Ljubljana Marshes


The landscape, spreading between Škofljica, Ljubljana, Vrhnika and Ig, called The Ljubljana marshes has preserved its traditional character despite activities which affect the physical environment. It is a mosaic of meadows, grasslands, fields, ditches which in mutual symbiosis ensure shelter for many rare species of plants and animals. The marsh is the home of many bird species, butterflies, dragonflies, which represent a small part of Marshes’ natural wealth and are also the reason for The Ljubljana Marshes to be included in the Natura 2000 sites. But by no means must we overlook the rich heritage that was left by man in this small piece of land. Many cultures have left their marks here, like for example pile-dwellers and Ancient Romans.


Cultural heritage


The Castle Lisičje


The castle Lisičje is a cultural monument of local importance with characteristics of art and architecture, historic and landscape monument.


It was built in the middle of the 16th century and extended several times in the following centuries. One story castle with three sections placed in the U shape seals teh Inne in both stories arcaded courtyard got its today’s image by the end of the 18th century. On the north wall the castle was extended by a chapel with a richly ornamented square shaped portal.


The atrium is used for various performances and the renovated left section of the ground floor is reserved for exhibitions and protocol events.


St Simon and Judas Church


Branch church of St Simon and Judas was pronounced as a cultural monument of state importance. It preserves beautiful riches of the past. Its origin can be placed in the first half of the 15th century. Frescos are the work of a Gothic artist Janez Ljubljanski, allegedly from the year 1456.


Juvanc house


The Juvanc house in Želimlje was built in 1803 and was used as a wine cellar. The interior is estetically designed. The entire building is decorated with arched ceilings, which can be found in the cellar, house, room and kitchen. The portals of both front doors, one for the cellar and one for the story, are also very interesting. The roof construction with trapeze gallows is also interesting. 


The house is if great historic and ethnological importance as a reminder to a horse and cart driving tradition in this area, thus being important to the local community.


Architectural heritage


Hayrack Robežnik


In the municipality of Škofljica there are a lot of hayracks. The largest is double hayrack Robežnik or  Španček’s hayrack which is one and a half centuries old. It is located in the complex of a horse and cart driving homestead Špan

ek which was a post, the inn and a fairground during that period.


The fore mentioned hayrack played an important part since it provided shelter for transport means of that time, namely the horses. They stored hay on the hayrack so that the horses could be fed.


Among the important hayracks is also hayrack Ruskov.


Some granaries are also preserved. Granaries are the representative buildings of a farmhouse used for storing crops, fruits, cereal and dried meat. Many granaries had a balcony where they loitered during summer evenings.


Schooling and education


Primary school and kindergarten Škofljica are located in Škofljica which lies on the edge of The Ljubljana Marshes. Besides the central primary school there are two branch primary schools, one in Želimlje and one in Lavrica.


General upper secondary school Želimlje is the first publicly recognised private school in the independent Slovenia and also the only general upper secondary school in the Municipality of Škofljica. Its speciality is mainly in the fact that it provides high quality schooling and appropriate education.


Important personalities


Fran Saleški Finžgar, who was a priest her since October 1902 until April 1908, left a significant mark in the village Želimlje. Immediately after arrival he took care of the schooling system. Period he spent in Želimlje was enriched by successful parish activities, interesting farming, friendships with local priests and members of the clan Auersperg, frequent visits from Slovenian artist, politicians and scholars of that time and constant care for schooling. Right there he planned and wrote his historical novel Pod svobodnim soncem (Under the Free Sun).

Janez Nepomuk Primic, Slovene Enlightenment poet, translator, writer and professor, was born in Zalog near Škofljica. Primic was the founder of The Slovene society and encouraged the establishment of The Chair of Slovene Language. According to now know information he was the first to write the word Slovenija.


The settlement Lavrica was marked by Ivan Ogrin, ambassador, benefactor and merchant, who initiated the builds of a two grade primary school, fire house and a sports and culture centre.


Theme and recreational routes


Svarun route


… is a hiking route which takes us to places Fran Saleški Finžgar included in his historical novel Pod svobodnim soncem.


The route begins in the centre of Škofljica and continues on the hilly landscape to Vrh above Želimlje, where the path descends to Želimlje into the valley Želimeljščica and it takes us back to the starting point. The route is 23 kilometres long and it can be hiked in several short sections. The route is not intended only for recreation but for everyone who wishes to learn about our cultural, historical and natural heritage.


Pijava marsh route


… is a circular hiking route which leads us from the centre of Pijava Gorica to the marsh. On the way we can experience historical and cultural monuments, rich vegetation typical of humid areas and animals, especially butterflies (89 different species live here).


On the route you can find panels which describe cultural, historical and natural sights. The inn Čot will take good care of refreshments.


Čemšenik manor route


12 kilometres long and a suitable diversity and an interesting blend of the past and the present makes the Čemšenik manor route appropriate for both recreational  and Sunday hikers who wish to learn something while hiking. The route is circular and appropriate for mountain bikers.


Forest learning route Zalog


We drive from Ljubljana towards the Dolenjska region through Lavrica to Škofljica where we turn to Kočevska cesta. At primary school Škofljica we turn left and continue through the village Zalog towards Drglerija where road signs lead us to the forest learning route.


The forest learning route Zalog is for coincidental hikers, pupils and nature lovers. The route is 1800 meters long and the visit takes approximately one hour of slow walk. The aim of the forest route is to learn about some tree species typical of the area and the life energy of the forest.


The forest route is marked with signs which lead you in your discovery of this magnificent part of nature. You will learn about tree species you haven’t known before and natural forest phenomena.


The crest of the route are chestnut and the leaf which will accompany you along the route on signs.


Cycling routes take you across The 


 Lanišče is a settlement above the north eastern indentation of the Ljubljana Marshes and on the southern slope of a hill behind which Molnik (582 meters) is rising. The railway track from Ljubljana to Grosuplje runs beneath the settlement.



According to known information the village Lanišče was first mentioned in written sources in 1228 as the original seat of the Šmarje pre-parish. Treasure of Aquillea money from the end of the 13th century was found here.


The centre of the village is around the ancient Gothic church of St Ursula, which is famous for its late Gothic frescos. One of the frescos is also the oldest fresco with a motif of Slovenian landscape.


From The Glory of the Duchy of Carniola:


“Something like this I have not sought or anticipated to be found.”


“In this castle I can show that we in Carniola have all possible species of flowers and plants. Shall I remark that this is just an example, since you cannot only find them here, but also in other castle gardens and manors of various kinds. But I have chosen this fun garden in Lisi

je because here one can find of all Carniola species at least some single specimens, also in most diverse forms”


Some numbers: 170 species of tulips, 70 species of hyacinths, 20 species of daffodils, several species of roses, 12 species of peaches, 12 species of cherries, 50 species of apples, 50 species of pears, apricots fresh from the tree since spring until Martinmas.


Castle Lisičje

je was owned by a good many owners. After WW2 it was inhabited by families of workers who were employed in the nearby barite mine. In the 50s it was inhabited by the Yugoslav army. Since the late 60s it was uninhabited for approximately two decades until it was taken over by The Archives of the Republic of Slovenia  and in the recent period by the municipality of Škofljica. Now the castle has a renovated wedding hall and in the summer hosts various performances.


Flax healing effects


Flaxseed contain 40-50% of fat, 25% of proteins, 4-10% of slime, lecithin and vitamins A, B, D, E and F.


Slime binds with water, swells and makes fibre or ballast substances, thus having positive effects on digestion, since they stimulate growth of beneficial intestinal bacteria (probiotic effect). It helps with cell membrane repair in mucosa and skin, influences physical vitality, skin, hair, normal functioning of the nervous system, etc.Flaxseed is also very useful as a binding substance instead of eggs. You simply soak ground seeds in water for half an hour and use the slime for dough instead of eggs.Ground seeds mixed with honey cleanse the lungs, cure hoarseness and cough.

According to oral tradition the village Lanišče was named after flax which was grown here until 1950.

In 2008 Ivanka and Janez Skubic sowed flax again and started reviving the traditions connected with flax - pulling, threshing, spinning and weaving.

We wish to refresh the landscape with blue fields in June when flax blooms.


Flax is sowed in March and April and pulled in July or August. It can be sowed for decoration as well.


Flax is one of the oldest cultural plants which was known and used for nutrition in the Stone Age. Pile-dwellers from The Ljubljana Marshes allegedly used it for rope making and weaving linen and it was considered as a useful plant by the Slavic people in the era before peoples migrations.